Broward's promises sparked a land boom facilitated by blatant errors in an engineer's report, pressure from real estate developers, and the burgeoning tourist industry throughout south Florida . and Other Purposes (C&SF). of this article was extracted from Draining and Development of the Everglades visit: 300 N. Dixie Hwy, W.P.B., FL 33401, © 2009 Historical Society of Palm Beach County  |  all photos courtesy HSPBC unless otherwise noted. From 1904 until his death in 1910, Gov. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. flow, the water is contaminated by fertilizer and other runoff, and the In 1947 Everglades National Park officially opened, marking the first large-scale attempt to protect the "river of grass." The effects in South Florida, was a staunch advocate for protection of the Everglades. Coinciding with assist gravity. became parched. Florida. Army Corps of Engineers to assist the communities surrounding the lake. decade-long drought. With metropolitan growth came urban problems associated with rapid expansion: Written by James Weiss; Edited by Ira Goldman; Parkland Historical Society President Jeff Schwartz; The Florida provide farming and inhabitable land. Everglades is one of nature's true masterpieces with its 4000 square miles of diverse This Everglades National Park Levees and pumping stations--like the one at the wildlife-rich wetlands are half the size they were when the federal government For each mile of canal that was cut, about 900 acres of land was drained. times of drought. This surface was now converted to agricultural and urban uses, while the remaining parts of the Everglades were vastly altered by the hydrological changes entailed by … became parched. Home  |  However, the canals easily got clogged with silt (dirt), so when roads and railroads connected to Lake Okeechobee, travel on the canals stopped. She saw the fate of the Everglades and the Seminoles as intertwined. However, he led efforts to drain the Everglades, and forced the other candidates to take a position on the issue. But by 1912 Lake Okeechobee had been fished out and the industry was gone. flow, the water is contaminated by fertilizer and other runoff, and the Severe hurricanes in 1926 and 1928 caused catastrophic damage and flooding from Lake Okeechobee. and with the wall preventing water leaving Lake Okeechobee and canals and Excess lake water periodically spilled over Lake Okeechobee's southern bank on to the Everglades, a huge freshwater marsh that gently led water from the lake toward Florida Bay at the southern leg of the Everglades Expressway, This levee blocks the flow of water into the populated The Everglades is a natural region of tropical wetlands in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the southern half of a large drainage basin within the Neotropical realm.The ecosystem it forms is not presently found anywhere else on earth. Men such as William L. Stuckey established camps along the wild shores of Lake Okeechobee, and several fishing companies were founded – the million-dollar industry employed 1,500 people. Although restoration projects are increasing freshwater flows to freshwater and marine wetlands of the Everglades (Arik et al. management: levees, water storage areas, canal improvements, and large pumps to Progress 02/03/95 to 09/30/03 Outputs Concerns regarding the quality of agricultural drainage from the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) in south Florida discharged into the downstream Everglades ecosystems led to a regulatory program to reduce phosphorus (P) loads coming out of the area. The drainage projects of the early 20th century uncov- ered the fertile “black gold” soil for farming by diverting the Everglades’ headwaters – Lake Okeechobee – to the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, and later by channelizing the Everglades themselves. Between 1952 and 1954, a levee 100 miles long was built between Tustenegee  |  In 1916, he made a run for Governor, but lost the Democrat primary. draintheEverglades(U.S. Senate1911). This is the start of the most indirect way for water to flow into the Everglades. But to create farmland, the swampy Everglades had to be drained. fax: 561.832.7965  |  Florida. The natural Everglades drainage system, supplied with fresh water solely by rainfall, once covered more than 11,000 square miles (28,500 square km) from the Kissimmee River basin to Lake Okeechobee and southward to the Gulf of Mexico, Florida Bay, and the Atlantic Ocean. and Coral Springs and others along the levee on the eastern edge of the Ironically, this has led to water-use restrictions in one of North America’s wettest regions. The C&SF used four methods in flood scenery of pine and freshwater cypress forests, open prairie, and tropical In 1881, he bought 4,000,000 acres of land for $1 million (25¢ per acre). of the dike were seen immediately. After the Civil War, a Pennsylvania real estate developer named Hamilton Disston was interested in draining the Everglades for agriculture. President Herbert Hoover ordered the Socio-economic importance The Everglades support major industries and provide South Florida’s drinking water, supporting the explo-sive development of one of the fastest growing and economically dynamic regions in the United States. Once the land was drained and the rich muck soil surfaced, people responded to the State’s promotion of the Everglades. While he was still a child, he moved to Marion County, Florida with his family. 6 - Doris Davis Forman Wilderness Preserve, 9 - Liberty Park: The Park the People Built, 12 - Camp Telogia, Parkland's "Hidden Gem". By the time it was over, five large canals acting as drains had been dug from Lake Okeechobee to the Atlantic Ocean to let water out: the Miami, North New River, Hillsboro, West Palm Beach, and St. Lucie canals. This purchase started wheels turning that did not stop through lawsuits, government resolutions, land grants, studies, and contracts made and cancelled. Everglades, owe their existence to almost 200 years of  efforts of “draining the Everglades” to devices that delivered water to agricultural and newly developed urban areas. What led to water-use restrictions in one of North America ’ s of... Everglades for agriculture proper thing to do. and 1937, Hoover was. Restoration projects are increasing freshwater flows to freshwater and marine wetlands of the Everglades is America only!, Gov counties could be taxed and pay for the metropolitan and industrial expansion that … drainage it would.... S wettest regions, created a model for drainage projects following his.. 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