Want a fast way to memorize and study learning theories? Students in traditional online courses might exhibit the tendency to forego discussion, which they see as extra work outside of what they will be graded for. In: Roberts, T. S. Studies suggests that collaborative learning that focuses on rich contexts and challenging questions produces higher-order reasoning. A. Originator: Jean Lave... Summary: Stereotype threat is a phenomenon that occurs when people are at risk for living up to a negative stereotype... Summary: Intrinsically motivating instruction takes place in computer gaming software when it provides players with choice around three key categories:... Summary: Positive psychology is the study of happiness, flourishing, and what makes life worth living. © 2020 Learning Theories. Slack is another powerful online collaboration tool that is essentially a chat room environment for an organization, as a primary method of communication and sharing. Collaborative learning is a construct that identifies a current strong field, both in face-to-face and virtual education. This is a simple arrangement where individuals of varied interests and abilities collaborate for a shared and common goal.. Embraces Individualism:Individual achievements and strengths of individual group members are embraced and encouraged. Social learning theories help us to understand how people learn in social contexts (learn from each other) and informs us on how we, as teachers, construct active learning communities. In OCL, students are encouraged to collaboratively solve problems through discourse instead of memorizing correct answers. Studies show that when a... 3. Recommended for students, camps, corporate meetings, family gatherings and many other settings. Get updates by subscribing to our newsletter! Table 1 provides a comparative Proficient teachers. In 2014, a list of the Top 100 Eminent Psychologists of the Modern Era was published in the Archives of... Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is an instructional method of hands-on, active learning centered on the investigation and resolution of messy, real-world... Social science research shows that teaching climate change in way that emphasizes "doom and gloom" and scary facts does not... Padlet: An Easy to Use Online Collaboration Tool for Multimedia Sharing Padlet is a very user-friendly canvas or digital... Science and math concepts are often some of the most challenging for students to grasp. Concept to Classroom Workshop: Cooperative and Collaborative Learning. Interpersonal and collaborative skills Offer expires December 30, 2020. 1 Definitions. Collaborative or cooperative learning? 11 Collaborative Learning Theory Overview. Please consider supporting us and gaining full access by becoming a member. Measures of learning effectiveness based on online collaborative learning had not yet been developed, although early attempts to study online transcripts of student discussion proved promising. Summary: Online collaborative learning theory, or OCL, is a form of constructivist teaching that takes the form of instructor-led group learning online. Each student is responsible for his/her work separately, but are also in charge of the work of the team as a whole. Find more information on this strategy at the Team-Based Learning Collaborative. 16. Unlike individual learning, people engaged in collaborative learning capitalize on one another's resources and skills (asking one another for information, evaluating one another's ideas, monitoring one another's work, etc. Expertise theory specifies how talent develops across specified fields or domains, focusing on cognitive task analysis (to map the domain),... Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model is a theory of educational psychology that studies human development over time. Examples of individual and group contributions may include tests or assignments, rubrics, performance-based assessments, participation, media works, and/or anonymous feedback. Online collaborative learning is an idea whose time has come. Educational technology tools are a strategic... Summary: Chaos theory is a mathematical theory that can be used to explain complex systems such as weather, astronomy, politics,... Summary: Andragogy refers to a theory of adult learning that details some of the ways in which adults learn differently than... Summary: Dopamine plays a role in motivation, and this role is important to understand in the context of game design.... Summary: Skills necessary for students to master in order for them to experience school and life success in an increasingly... Constructivism as a paradigm or worldview posits that learning is an active, constructive process. After two brief definitions of CL, key areas discussed in the paper are: a) how CL relates to theories of L2 acquisition, b) CL principles, and Key features of a collaborative approach include: 1. This theory is rooted in the work of Lev Vygotsky’s (1934) social development theory and zone of proximal development, which highlighted the importance of communication and social interaction in learning. There is much less teacher structure in this approach beca… Collaborative learning theory involves peer-to-peer learning that fosters deeper thinking in the classroom. In 1996, Robert Slavin described a variety of perspectives on peer learning, including social-psychological, sociocultural, cognitive-developmental, and cognitive-elaboration approaches. Panitz, T. (1999). This paper discusses the relationship between Lev Vygotsky's zone of proximal development and cooperative learning. A SWOT analysis is a tool or... Summary: Social proof describes a psychological phenomenon in which people mirror the actions and opinions of others. The instructor continues to monitor the work, evaluates group and individual performance. Negotiated Aims: The session’s aims & objectives negotiated within the group and with the guidance of the teacher. Additionally, creating collaborative activities requires sound pedagogy, motivation, and proficiency to be successful. Get the printable Learning Theories Study Flashcards! Linda Harasim’s presentation to the Brazilian Association of Distance Education in slideshow form (2006). the phase where intellectual synthesis and consensus occurs, including agreeing to disagree, usually through an assignment, essay, or other joint piece of work. When a group is presented with a task or an idea, there will often be a process of clarification, discussion and evaluation of ideas. Collaborative learning is the educational approach of using groups to enhance learning through working together. Firstly, three converging theoretical sources are analyzed: socio-cognitive conflict theory, intersubjectivity theory and distributed cognition theory. Supporting Theory. Groups of two or more learners work together to … An active collaborative learning requires an instructor to view teaching as … Collaborative or cooperative learning? Originators and Key Contributors: Watson... Summary: The phrase game reward systems describes the structure of rewards and incentives in a game that inspire intrinsic motivation... A behaviorist theory based on the fundamental idea that behaviors that are reinforced will tend to continue, while behaviors that... Summary: The GOMS Model is a human information processing model that predicts what skilled users will do in seemingly unpredictable... Once described by a colleague as “Freud in sonnet form”,  psychological giant Erik Erikson blurred the line between science... Summary: SWOT is an acronym that stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. A brief history of theory An important approach to collaborative-learning research is the relatively recent field of computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL). Harasim believes that the teacher is critical to this knowledge construction, not only through facilitating the process and providing resources to the group, but also through ensuring that the core concepts and practices of the subject domain are fully integrated. The concurrence of both constructivist approaches to learning and the development of the Internet has led to the development of a particular form of constructivist teaching, originally called computer-mediated communication (CMC), or networked learning, but which has been developed into what Harasim (2012) now calls online collaborative learning theory (OCL). This differs from traditional online courses, where readings might be the primary material, and discussions secondary. Collaborative learning is an educational approach to teaching and learning that involves groups of students working together to solve a problem, complete a task, or create a product. Both cooperative and collaborative learning differ from the traditional teaching and learning methods, as both learning processes have students working together in a group/team environment to complete a task. ); 2 What is collaborative Learning ? The Collaborative Learning Theory is a process whereby a group (or groups) of individuals learn from each other by working together to solve a problem, complete a task, create a product, or share one’s thinking. Give groups a challenging assignment, such as solving a problem or applying a theory to a real-world situation. Collaborative learning theory involves peer-to-peer learning that fosters deeper thinking in the classroom. This conference paper discusses the use of cooperative learning (CL) in second language (L2) instruction. (pp. Both cooperative and collaborative learning differ from the traditional … According to Harasim, there exist three phases of knowledge construction through discourse in a group: The end result is the Final Position, although a learner is never truly finished generating, organizing, and synthesizing ideas, and continues those processes at progressively deeper levels. 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