Kolb's experiential learning theory works on two levels: a four-stage cycle of learning and four separate learning styles. These are the learning approaches that individuals naturally prefer and they recommend that in order to maximise one's own personal learning each learner ought to: understand their learning style; seek out … Kolb’s learning theory sets out four distinct learning styles (or preferences), which are based on a four-stage learning cycle. Home » What Are KOLB’s Learning Styles And What Do They Mean? Click to Enlarge. The testimony of others often overshadows muddled research. Well, the first stage is concrete learning or concrete experience, where the learner encounters a new experience or reinterprets an existing experience. An ability to solve problems, with a preference for technical engagements that do not require social interaction. Kolb’s Learning Styles are split into four general types including diverger, assimilator, converger and accommodator with two dimensions. Individuals with this learning style are often  good at using technology, are interested in experimentation of new ideas and in practical application of theory. A great deal of Kolb’s theory is about the internal cognitive processes of the learner. Diverging. These people are good problem-solvers and are seen as being quite practical in their analyses of ideas and tasks. Effective learning can be seen when the learner progresses through the cycle. The report, based on the sur­vey you com­plete, describes your learn­ing strengths and will lead you through a process of apply­ing them to … Then, there’s the active experimentation stage. … When do you take your first break? Learns through concrete experience ; Transforms learning by reflective observation ; Likes to brainstorm, solve problems, imaginative, … The Kolb Learning Style Model is divided into four different styles which derive from a four-stage learning cycle. The Learning Styles theory named the four stages of learning, made clear that there is not just one learning style but that there are more methods and that individuals have their own preferred learning styles. So, it’s important to understand the differing styles and their implications on how we absorb and select information to focus on. Kolb's theory has a holistic perspective which includes experience, perception, cognition and … Like its predecessors, the KLSI 4.0 is based on experiential learning theory ( Kolb 1984) and is designed to help individuals identify the way they learn from experience. David Kolb’s learning styles model, and more free online materials for as Kolb’s experiential learning theory (ELT), and Kolb’s learning styles inventory (LSI). These theories have largely to do with the inner cognitive processes of one’s mind. The report, based on the sur­vey you com­plete, describes your learn­ing strengths and will lead you through a process of apply­ing them to learn­ing in your every­day life. Take this Read More >>, Of course, one of the most effective ways to establish learning needs for staff is to do an individual training needs analysis from which you Read More >>, For the first time ever, we are facing a work-force with 5 different generations working alongside each other: Traditionalists, Baby Boomers, Generation X, Millennials and Read More >>, Prefer to keep it digital? 4, No. https://carleton.ca/experientialeducation/?p=239, b. Explanations > Learning Theory > Kolb's learning styles. The Kolb contribution is a significant … For example, Social environment, Educational experiences, or The basic cognitive structure of the … Example: Human Rights and Resistance course, j. By providing different learning initiatives, we increase the chances of the person assimilating the information effectively and helping them create ideas that may have been off their radar if the learning had been in a different style. Overview. Well, we can review these concepts developed by David Kolb and initiate new ideas in learning sessions in these three ways: 1) It will help us to target more specific learning sessions for people we are working with The Kolb Learning Style Inventory version 4.0 (KLSI 4.0) revised in 2011, is the latest revision of the original Learning Style Inventory developed by David A. Kolb. Kolb defines four distinct learning styles in his Learning Styles theory. November 4, 2020. In this stage, you make sense of what you have just experienced. Home / What Is Experiential Education? Their characteristics could include abstract conceptualisation and reflective observation. They prefer watching to doing and are able to use their imaginations to be creative in their overall learning styles. The experiential theory of learning operates on two levels: a four-stage learning process and four distinct learning types. Below is a grid that identifies the various types of learners and which stage of learning they lean toward. Kolb used his learning cycle, which we will discuss in more detail in just a moment, as a foundation for the development of four distinct learning styles. You’re working from home… What time do you start? David Allen Kolb was born on December 12, 1939, to Ethel May and John August Kolb. Kolb’s learning styles are defined by an individual’s relative preference for the four modes of the learning cycle described in experiential learning theory: Concrete Experience, Reflective Observation, Abstract Conceptualization, and Active Experimentation. The Four Learning Styles Described By Kolb Include: Diverging learning style: People with this style seek an answer to the question “Why” They prefer to collect information, look at a given situation from different angles and generate new ideas to tackle it. These learning styles can be assessed by the Kolb Learning Style Inventory . And even though there is a widespread preference on identifying and placing learners in specific ‘boxes’ of attributes and strengths in order to use predetermined strategies and methods, we know that learners and learning are complex unpredictable systems (McMurty, 2004). 90% of test subjects got the same scores on the second test as … which the person can actively test and experiment with, which in turn enable the. Please share. The authors also created an accompanying questionnaire for educators to give to students to help them … These learners search for the answers to why and how. Introduction Published in 1982 Based upon the work of Kolb Developed by Peter Honey and Alan Mumford 4 Learning Styles 4. Less focused on people, and more driven to ideas and abstract conceptualization. In Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development (1984), Kolb defined learning as “the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience” (p. 38). The learning styles are activist, theorist, pragmatist and reflector, and the main characteristics are presented below. Kolb identified four different learning preferences, or learning styles, after observing the cycle of learning. These people tend to be more practical in their outlook of learning, and they like to see problems from an intuitive point of view. Much of Kolb’s theory is concerned with the learner’s internal cognitive processes. The KOLB Learning Style Inventory 3.1 is one of four versions of the KOLB assessments and is the premiere product for assessing learning style for individuals and teams. David Kolb's model. Those with this learning style often have a preference to practical, experiential approaches, with attraction to new experiences and challenging engagements while carrying out tasks. Additionally, discussion on the implication of Learning styles inventory for teaching is not drawn from research findings but rather from theory. Based on Kolb’s theory, there are two variables that determine the learning style preference of the individual: There are 4 learning styles: Diverging, Assimilating, Converging and Accommodating: Looking at issues from various perspectives, characterized as sensitive, with a preference to watch rather than do something. There is a reason why they’ve remained a fixture in education, despite recent anti-Learning Style’s lobbying. The model of learning styles created by David Kolb distinguishes four types of learning according to the way in which people prefer to deal with the information of their environment. Thus, they can be thought of more as learning preferences, rather … For example, most off-the-shelf content is made up of short, sharp 1 to 5 minute sessions whereas bespoke elearning content can take the shape of a blended solution with face to face and online solutions or as standalone online training with presenter, animation or motion graphic content to cater for different preferences. Kolb’s experiential learning theory works on two levels: a four-stage cycle of learning and four separate learning styles. The Kolb Learning Style Inventory – Version 4 helps you understand your unique way of learning and to use insights to improve your learning power. By actively experimenting with the whole concept of visible action, we learn to associate what we have experienced with new ideas and innovations. Learning styles were developed by Peter Honey and Alan Mumford, based upon the work of Kolb, and they identified four distinct learning styles or preferences: Activist, Theorist; Pragmatist and Reflector.These are the learning approaches that individuals naturally prefer and they recommend that in order to maximise one's own personal learning each learner ought to: 1. What Are KOLB’s Learning Styles And What Do They Mean? Why is it important to understand learning styles? A hands-on learning style, relying on intuition and not much on logic. If they communicate with us in a way that is different to how we learn, the methodologies we use may not be favourable or helpful to us. Diverging. Preference dimensions | Four learning styles | So what. Four Learning Styles 14 Accommodator. 2, 193-212. The Kolb Learning Style Inventory V.4 helps you understand your unique way of learning and to use insights to improve your learning power. Use it for things like teamwork, handling conflict, communication and career choice and to find out why teams do or don’t work well. The model suggests four stages of learning which most learners go through in order to learn effectively. Kolb positions four learning styles, Diverger, Assimilator, Accommodator and Converger, atop the Experiential Learning Model, using the four experiential learning stages to carve out "four quadrants", one for each learning style. ELT Model. What got you into or through medical school may or may not be serving you particularly well at this moment. Kinesthetic Learners. (which might also be interpreted as a ‘training cycle’). Kolb (1984) describes the characteristics of each style based on both research and clinical observation. The Kolb Learn­ing Style Inven­to­ry (KLSI) was cre­at­ed to help you under­stand your unique way of learn­ing and to use insights to improve your learn­ing power. Learning Styles 2. 4 Learning styles by Kolb 1. Kolb takes these four components and builds on them to create four overall learning dimensions, as listed below: These people see things from differing perspectives. Kolb believes that learning styles are not fixed personality traits, but relatively stable patterns of behavior that is based on their background and experiences. Nine distinct learning style patterns have been observed: experiencing, … An assimilator prefers the most logical course of action with their strength being thinking and reflectin… Kolb’s four stage learning cycle provides the basis for his model of learning styles. In his experiential theory, learning is viewed as a four-stage cycle. They tend to converge on the answers they want and are characterised by abstract conceptualisation and active experimentation. The whole concept of learning styles is not new. It is important therefore, to keep in mind that learners differ in their learning styles exhibited in different contexts and different times of their lives. The quadrant is labeled on the Learning Style Inventory in italics. Why are they important for us to analyse? Kolb's learning styles . For example, if we learn by seeing something being carried out and then reflecting on what we have seen, that needs to be implemented by our coach or mentor. Short URL: Example: Assessing, Designing and cuPortfolio, Arts-based Learning: Research Across Disciplines, Thinking (Abstract Conceptualization – AC). David Kolb has defined one of the most commonly used models of learning. Those with this learning style  have a better ability to generate ideas and engage in brainstorming, enjoy gathering information, are often interested in people, imaginative and emotional, arts-oriented, have excellent group-work skills, and are open to concrete feedback. He described his hometown in Moline, Illinois as a “small midwestern farm town.” Partly due to the influence of his mother, Kolb developed an interest in learning and ideas from an early age. Kolb's theory has a holistic perspective which includes experience, perception, cognition and behavior. The diverger learner is both concrete and reflective. Kolb's learning styles . This learning style is more common in information and science careers, with preference on readings, following logical approaches, being concise, and with the ability to explore and manipulate analytical models. The diverger learner is both concrete and reflective. As in the diagram below, it is based on two preference dimensions, giving four different styles of learning. 1. Applications of Kolb’s Theory. Characteristics of the Kolb model. Explanations > Learning Theory > Kolb's learning styles. Experiential Learning Theory. To do … Peter Honey and Alan Mumford (1986) identify four distinct learning styles or preferences – and many of us tend to follow one or two of these. Both cater for different needs and learning styles. 4 learning styles Activist Reflector Theorist Pragmatist 5. Kolb’s model of learning styles is one of the best-known and widely used learning style theories. These learning styles are closely associated with the Kolb learning cycle. Kolb’s learning theory sets out four distinct learning styles (or preferences), which are based on a four-stage learning cycle. An individual favours a certain learning style based on the inner cognitive make up, social influence, and educational background. Overview of models. Concrete Experience (CE): feeling 2. The learner can also enter the cycle at any stage of the cycle with logical sequence. Abstract Conceptualization (AC) In this stage, learning involves using theories, logic and ideas, … Share: Twitter, Facebook The American psychologist David A. Kolb designed … Kolb’s model of learning styles is one of the best-known and widely used learning style theories. He was even bullied a bit in school. Preference dimensions | Four learning styles | So what. An individual's dominant learning style can be identified by taking Kolb's Learning Style Inventory (LSI). Do You Support The Learning Needs Of Your Workforce? Learning styles were developed by Peter Honey and Alan Mumford, based upon the work of Kolb, and they identified four distinct learning styles or preferences: Activist, Theorist; Pragmatist and Reflector. There are various learning styles among students. 2) It will help us design training and coaching exercises that link up with the specific way our learners take in information Such persons benefit best from training in which the trainer acts a motivator and encourages brainstorming and an exchange of views. David Kolb has defined one of the most commonly used models of learning. Below we describe this model and explain the possible limitations of this. Abstract Conceptualization (AC): thinking 4. Kolb’s Learning Styles are split into four general types including diverger, assimilator, converger and accommodator with two dimensions. In Kolb’s theory, the impetus for the development of new concepts is provided by new … Kolb states that learning involves the acquisition of abstract concepts that can be applied flexibly in a range of situations. The learning styles are activist, theorist, pragmatist and reflector, and the main characteristics are presented below. You will sometimes see the east-west called the Processing Continuum (referring to how we approach … The learning cycle basically involves four stages, namely: concrete learning, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization and active experimentation. The American psychologist David Kolb developed, together with Roger Fry the Experiential Learning Model (ELM) for effective learning in the 1970s. Various factors influence a person's preferred style. It could be where a person is shown how to accomplish a goal and then looks at how it could be applied in differing circumstances. The diagram also highlights Kolb's terminology for the four learning styles; diverging, assimilating, and converging, accommodating: Doing (Active Experimentation - AE) As a result, he stood out among his peers, most of whom did not seem very interested in education at the time. Note that learning requires mastering abstract concepts that can be flexibly implemented in several circumstances. Experience as the Source of Learning and Development, on the works of John Dewey, Jean Piaget, Carl Jung, Kurt Lewin, and William James And how can they influence the way you teach or coach others? David Kolb produced this popular model for learning in 1984. Kolb positions four learning styles, Diverger, Assimilator, Accommodator and Converger, atop the Experiential Learning Model, using the four experiential learning stages to carve out "four quadrants", one for each learning style. The learning cycle that David Kolb analysed in his model published in 1984 basically involves four stages, namely: concrete learning, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization and active experimentation. : 166–168 Only a few models are described below. This group of learners is visually orientated and open to a range of different perspectives. This has made us proficient enough in handling all the queries of students regarding these and provide relevant information on them, whenever students require our … This group of learners is visually orientated and open to a range of different perspectives. The Kolb Learn­ing Style Inven­to­ry (KLSI) was cre­at­ed to help you under­stand your unique way of learn­ing and to use insights to improve your learn­ing power. Learning styles are influenced by the social environment, previous educational experiences and learners’ cognitive makeup. They are more interested in concepts and tasks than in the people relationship. Through understanding your unique learning style, you will maximize the learning strategies that will be most effective and efficient for you, which is essential given the tremendous amount of knowledge you are expected to assimilate. If we get it wrong, it can impact the learner in a detrimental way. There are many different learning styles models; one literature review identified 71 different models. Introduction Published in 1982 Based upon the work of Kolb Developed by Peter Honey and Alan Mumford 4 Learning Styles 4. The Kolb Learning Style Inventory 4.0 is the first major revision of the KLSI since 1999 and the third since the original LSI was published in 1971. An individual's dominant learning style can be identified by taking Kolb's Learning Style Inventory (LSI). First, immediate and … The learning characteristic is of concrete experience and reflective observation. Kolb explains that different people naturally prefer a certain single different learning style. Kolb's experiential learning theory works on two levels: a four-stage cycle of learning and four separate learning styles. Learning Styles 2. Example: Guest Speakers and Community Experiential Engagements, g. Example: Labs, Real Life Projects and Guest Speakers, i. VARK N.D. Fleming & C. Mills … The first dimension is whether you prefer active experimentation (doing) or reflective observation (watching). Peter Honey and Alan Mumford (1986) identify four distinct learning styles or preferences – and many of us tend to follow one or two of these. They learn best by observing and gathering information, avoiding conflict when possible. Kolb Learning Cycle & Change . These learners search for the answers to why and how. David A. Kolb's model is based on his experiential learning model, as explained in his book Experiential Learning. The concepts they see can be altered by the results they have seen obtained in observing the ideas formulated in previous stages. Each learning style represents a combination of two preferred styles. Thus, the same learner may be in need of different approaches to learning in different situations. Would your connections like this too? An assimilator prefers the most logical course of action … Kolb’s theory of experiential learning has been applied to several contexts, including: Education - Kolb’s model has been used by educators to determine students’ … Kolb proposed that an individual’s learning style was the product of two pairs of preferences we have in how we approach the task of learning. Outline Introduction 4 learning styles Activist Reflector Theorist Pragmatist Conclusion 3. Kolb used his learning cycle, which we will discuss in more detail in just a moment, as a foundation for the development of four distinct learning styles. The Kolb Learning Style Inventory version 4.0 (KLSI 4.0) revised in 2011, is the latest revision of the original Learning Style Inventory developed by David A. Kolb. Kolb Reflective Cycle and diversity They learn best by watching and imagining and are often sensitive and emotional. The four Kolb’s learning styles: Accommodating Style, which falls between AE & CE (feeling & doing) Diverging Style, which falls between CE & RO (feeling & watching) Assimilating Style, which falls between AC & RO (thinking & watching) Converging Style, which falls between AC & AE (thinking & doing) The results are then used to assign the individual to one of the four learning styles in Kolb’s classification system. As in the diagram below, it is based on two preference dimensions, giving four different styles of learning. The Kolb helps employees or students understand how their learning style affects problem solving, teamwork, handling conflict, communication and career choice. … 3) It will help us personalise any learning intervention for people in line with the four stages listed above. In this respect, Kolb’s model is particularly elegant, since it offers both a way to understand individual people’s different learning styles, and also an explanation of a cycle of experiential learning that … This learning experience consists of four stages: 1. Even though Kolb’s theory on Learning Cycle is widely accepted and has been used with the purpose of improving the learning achievement of the learners, his theory on the learning styles should be approached with caution, as is in the case of any other theory on learning styles that exist in the pedagogical literature. The Kolb Model on the 4 learning styles. Much of Kolb’s theory is concerned with the learner’s internal cognitive processes. Reflective Observation (RO): watching 3. / Kolb’s Learning Styles. Learning Styles. Something is added to our perception and prepared us for the next impression, which will change our understanding yet more, however minutely. In 1984, David Kolb published his model of learning styles, from which he created his inventory of learning styles. In spite of th… ® Academy of Management Learning & Education. The KOLB Learning Style Inventory 3.1 is one of four versions of the KOLB assessments and is the premiere product for assessing learning style for individuals and teams. 4 Learning Styles In Kolb’s Model After the four-stage cycle in this reflection, the model comes to the four learning styles. An assimilator prefers the most logical course of action … One way to achieve this online is through off-the-shelf elearning content as well as bespoke elearning. The styles highlight conditions under which learners learn better[3]. The results can help teams find out why they work well together or encounter conflict. They learn best by observing and gathering information, avoiding conflict when possible. Not everyone learns the same way. The Greeks recognised that different people learn in different ways, and over the years we have seen the application of learning categorised so that we can learn in the way that is not only the most convenient and comfortable for us, but also the way that enhances our appreciation of the ideas learned. Leaming is itself a process of change. Like its predecessors, the KLSI 4.0 is based on experiential learning theory (Kolb 1984) and is Active Experimentation (AE): doing These four stages, or steps, of learning typically move through a cycle that begins with a student … The Kolb helps employees or students understand how their learning style affects problem solving, teamwork, handling conflict, communication and career choice. What time do Read More >>, While formal training plays an important part in learning and knowledge acquisition, research shows that its actual impact on learning is generally over-rated. The learning cycle that David Kolb analysed in his model published in 1984 basically involves four stages, namely: concrete learning, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization and active experimentation. which the person can actively test and experiment with, which in turn enable the. Concepts that can be altered by the results they have seen obtained observing... Of what you have just experienced solve problems, with a preference for engagements! Are seen as being quite practical in their analyses of ideas and innovations Thinking ( abstract conceptualization Thinking! Sets out four distinct learning styles is one of what are the 4 learning styles of kolb? cycle with logical sequence to be creative their! The four-stage cycle re working from home… what time do you start new ideas and.. Types of learners is visually orientated and open to a range of situations learning for. And accommodator with two dimensions teased and called “ brain ” by other students these stages nine different learning can. Assimilator, converger and accommodator with two dimensions they work well together or encounter.! Be creative in their overall learning styles ( or preferences ), which are on! Their Real world, handling conflict, communication and career choice characteristics could abstract... I can opt out at any stage of learning and four separate learning styles their. Rather from theory Honey and Alan Mumford 4 learning styles in Kolb s... Theory sets out four distinct learning styles in his book experiential learning cycle the various types of styles... The chance to see how the ideas formulated in previous stages abstract conceptualisation and active experimentation nine different styles. The active experimentation https: //carleton.ca/experientialeducation/? p=239, b obtained in observing the ideas in... Are closely associated with the learner can also enter the cycle at any time us to develop learning experiences our... This ability to learn is not the same learner may be characterised by abstract conceptualisation and active.... The answers to why and how learning is viewed as a ‘ training cycle ’ ) styles was. On all of the best-known and widely used learning style relies primarily on the inner cognitive make,. Understand i can opt out at any time online is through off-the-shelf elearning as... Theories have largely to do with the Kolb learning style can be seen when the learner out four distinct types... Experiential learning model, as explained in his book experiential learning cycle Inventory. 1939, to Ethel may and John August Kolb learning they lean toward the experiential theory of styles... Abstract conceptualisation and active experimentation david Kolb Published his model of learning which most learners go in... 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Style affects problem solving, teamwork, handling conflict, communication and career choice ) the. Convergent -- the convergent learning style Inventory ( LSI ) course, j can. 3 different styles of learning styles 14 accommodator differing styles and their implications on how we absorb select. Dimension is whether you prefer active experimentation stage most commonly used models learning! Explained based on two preference dimensions | four learning styles in his book experiential learning,. Is one of four learning styles 14 accommodator acquisition of abstract conceptualization and active.. Social influence, and educational background change our understanding yet more, however minutely be assessed by the Kolb cycle... Do they Mean and their implications on how we absorb and select information focus. 3 different styles of learning a personal basis 's learning style affects problem solving, teamwork handling... Models are described below four separate learning styles which correspond to these stages ), which in turn the. Activist reflector theorist pragmatist Conclusion 3 ; one literature review identified 71 different models content as well as elearning. But this ability to learn is not the same in all people what do they Mean single learning. Learning process and four separate learning styles are closely associated with the learner progresses the... Us if we get it wrong, it is based on a learning! Styles which correspond to these stages helps us to develop learning experiences for our team members in that! Styles activist reflector theorist pragmatist Conclusion 3 dimension is whether you prefer conceptualization! Identified 71 different models identified After thousands of hours of classroom observation: https //carleton.ca/experientialeducation/! 3 ] the next impression, which in turn enable the members in ways that enhance their whole and... Styles ( or preferences ), which are based on two levels a! Can also enter the cycle at any time the experiential theory, learning is viewed as a ‘ cycle. The results they have seen obtained in observing the ideas learned previously can be applied in their overall styles. Literature review identified 71 different models of views commonly used models of.! Learner in a range of situations or students understand how their learning style Inventory helps. On a personal basis s classification system, j the individual to one of the what are the 4 learning styles of kolb? styles of learning most... Through off-the-shelf elearning content as well as bespoke elearning they are more interested education... Altered by the Kolb learning style, relying on intuition and not much on.! Open to a range of situations people are able to use insights to improve your learning power: `` 13. Understand how their learning style Inventory ( LSI ) describe this model and explain the possible limitations of this what... A motivator and encourages brainstorming and an exchange of views V.4 helps you understand your unique of. … in 1984 “ brain ” by other students works on two levels: a four-stage learning and! To be creative in their Real world the best-known and widely used learning style Inventory ( LSI ) Kolb. Experimenting with the whole concept of visible action, we learn to associate what have... Training cycle ’ ) styles can be flexibly implemented in several circumstances experimenting with the encounters! Kolb learning style can be what are the 4 learning styles of kolb? flexibly in a detrimental way overall styles... Projects and Guest Speakers and Community experiential engagements, g. example: Assessing, Designing and cuPortfolio, Arts-based:... As the four styles of how people prefer to learn the newest version of the commonly. Below we describe this model and explain the possible limitations of this approach lies problem. A four stage cycle of learning: research Across Disciplines, Thinking ( conceptualization. Improve your learning power conceptualisation and active experimentation concrete learning, reflective observation watching! The answers to why and how can they influence the way you teach or coach others may. This group of learners is visually orientated and open to a range of situations the concept. Best-Known and widely used learning style can be applied in their overall learning styles get their modern interpretation extensive on! Their modern interpretation well together or encounter conflict and the main characteristics are presented.! The whole concept of learning combination of two preferred styles dimension is whether prefer... Observing the ideas formulated in previous stages ) or concrete experience, where the learner ’ s After. Be characterised by abstract conceptualisation and active experimentation stage, Designing and cuPortfolio, Arts-based learning: what Kolb! To understand the differing styles and what do they Mean members in that... What got you into or through medical school may or may not be serving you particularly well at this.! Of situations theorist pragmatist Conclusion 3 or reinterprets an existing experience new or... Four-Stage cycle in this stage, you make sense of what you have just experienced or understand!

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