Vitamin Supplements. Vitamin D Sources: Animal sources are the only sources of vitamin D. It is found in liver, Fish such as salmon, mackerel, herring etc, fish liver oil (cod and halibut), eggs, meat, milk, butter, and dairy products such as cheese, yogurt, butter, and cream. Vitamin B1 Sources: Brown rice, Cereal grains, sunflower seeds, whole-grain rye, asparagus, kale, cauliflower, Legumes (dried beans), Peas, beans, nuts, yeast, potatoes, oranges, Dried milk, liver, beef,  eggs, egg yolk, pork, etc. It is an unsaturated long chain alcohol C20H29OH. Classification of vitamins • Water soluble  Vitamin B1  Vitamin B2  Vitamin B3  Vitamin B5  Vitamin B6  Vitamin B7/H  Vitamin B9  Vitamin B12  Vitamin C Cannot be stored and is readily extracted from the body • Fat soluble  Vitamin A  Vitamin D  Vitamin E  Vitamin K Can be stored in fat cells when excess is present and easily absorbed through the intestinal tract At the beginning of the twenty-first century, they are generally rare, although vitamin A deficiency is a major public health problem throughout the developing world, and there is evidence of widespread subclinical deficiencies of vitamins B 2 and B 6 amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; Vitamins and minerals are used up when we digest food – usually we are repaid by the nutrients in the food – but there are no nutrients in sugar. It is also known as Biotin. amzn_assoc_default_search_phrase = "shoes"; Whereas they are not possible to be synthesized in our bodies they are easily synthesized in plants. endobj We need vitamins in our diet, because our bodies can’t synthesize them quickly enough to meet our daily needs. Vitamin and mineral requirements in human nutrition : report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation, Bangkok, Thailand, 21–30 September 1998. Vitamin B2 Sources: Green beans, asparagus, bananas, peas, persimmons, okra, chard, cottage cheese, milk, yogurt, meat, eggs, egg albumin, fish, liver etc. Vitamin C is considered the most important water-soluble antioxidant in extracellular fluids. It is yellow colored oily substance, soluble in fat solvents but insoluble in water. Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble Vitamin C and B is water soluble. It is heat-stable vitamin which plays an important role in bone health. Vitamin C Sources: Broccoli, spinach; Cauliflower, Potatoes, Cabbage, Citrus fruits(lemon, orange), Apple, Tomatoes, Strawberries, mangoes etc. Naturally found in plants and animals, vitamins are vital to growth, energy, and nerve function. Vitamins PPT | PDF | PowerPoint Presentation: Vitamins and minerals are substances that are found in foods we tend to eat. It is reddish crystalline solid substance and soluble in water. SUBJECT Guidelines for the Classification of Vitamins and Minerals as Drug Or as Food The National Drug Committee (NDC) in a letter dated August 5, 1991 has recommended to BEAD the guidelines for the classification of vitamins and minerals as food or as drug. 10 0 obj The stability of individual vitamins in premixes and finished feeds varies according to a number of factors. <> They are divided into two categories: water-soluble (vitamin C and all the B vitamins) and fat-soluble (vitamins A, D, E, and K). You can find out more about: 1… Minerals MyPlate, published by the USDA, makes it easy to envision just how much of each food type you should eat. Bile salts and fats are needed for their absorption. Vitamin C and some Vitamins B are soluble in water and can be destroyed under heat, and thus we should avoid (1) washing them too much (2) cooked them too long time: Vitamin Function Food sources Symptom of deficiency Symptom of excess. Classification of Vitamins: Vitamins are generally classified as water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. endobj 1. a. It is white crystal and soluble in water. They are: According to the property of solubility, vitamins are mainly divided into two groups: 1. Certain minerals may also cause serious overdose symptoms if you take too much. 10.2 CLASSIFICATION OF VITAMINS Based on solubility Vitamins are classified as either fat-soluble (lipid soluble) or water-soluble. stream endstream There are 13 vitamins essential to the body. 9.312 Water-Soluble Vitamins: Vitamin skin, eyes, and mucous membranes of the B-Complex and Vitamin C. What are Fat-Soluble Vitamins? Plasma vitamin C levels are lower in HD patients and are subject to increased oxidation rates during dialysis ses- It is involved in the release of energy in the electron transport system. 3 0 obj 10.2 CLASSIFICATION OF VITAMINS Based on solubility Vitamins are classified as either fat-soluble (lipid soluble) or water-soluble. It is heat-stable. 1.Vitamins — standards 2.Micronutrients — standards 3.Trace elements — standards Vitamin K is also known as the “blood-clotting vitamin or Quinones. Fat-soluble vitamins: If vitamins are soluble in a fat solvent such as ether, chloroform, benzene, carbon, tetrachloride etc, then they are known as fat-soluble vitamins. Vitamins are organic compounds that are essential in very small amounts for supporting normal physiologic function. �#f~��{�"����F��]�O���{���� � �K������ �UT�^ Q�Jlm���w��q=Y*l����Y�h��:�8t蕋� �g�*�r�Բ���dž�U�x��]ӄ:��+�P�a�Vy�{0�n$)M�� v�(������|8N.���! Vitamins 6. Ascorbic acid may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. The daily recommended dose is typically 70 to 90 micrograms for adults; It is also known as Thiamine and is a white crystalline substance, soluble in water and heat-stable. 4 0 obj =�!�릲{��P������Əq��#!%U:D�n�N� Daily Requirement of Vitamin B1: 1.1-1.2 mg. ISBN 92 4 154612 3 (LC/NLM Classification… CHLORIDE. Vitamins form the class of micronutrients required for the proper functioning of the body's antioxidant enzyme system, such as vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, and vitamin B. <> Vitamins are organic compounds that are required in small amounts with our regular diet in order to carry out certain biological functions and for the maintenance of our metabolism. This guide will: 1. provide some or all of the commodity codes for particular items and types 2. explain the differences between codes or headings affecting these items 3. detail any exceptions or rules You will still need to look up the full commodity code to use on your declaration using the Trade Tariff Tool. You need vitamin C to protect all cells and to help your immune system work efficiently, while all of the B vitamins rely on each other to metabolize nutrients from the foods you eat. It is also known as niacin, is a white crystalline and soluble in water. WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS 10.3 B-COMPLEX VITAMINS Eight of the water-soluble vitamins are known as the vitamin B-complex group: It is water soluble and acts as a precursor of coenzyme A. It helps the production of RBC (red blood cells)  and is important for body growth. It is also known as Pyridoxine. �C�JS+B�'�ɢF�E�eIRFy����XE�.^Ȩ"��4��E���%���� �=2(׀m#ϦX�[email protected]��0X���z�O��X��fe��2QV�x����t��(�];��/���m���I�4"������w��Xj��� ����)[email protected]��d~�4r�y2���g��/r��VhrV��������.�re���ɲ��O���u�(٦��vHrU7s:��JIeh"zJf;t#�ɻ�!T�(쐫�����v(������ �C���c�=���l�j;: t"B��Ӝj�{F��S��7qEu���&�*8*E^�6��2ك�'*&��`�����+ c=c_�is��s����Q�ܹ0� OΟi�K��ߚy+������J�^�=egƬ��D��j2�k��r|\e��p��i�B�vV{�z�p�q�����$R�/��giȕTCAW?�+á� ����[email protected]�)U"�CQC������X��U�{>F��������6�[email protected]�gL��3b��8vJF�Ou;m��n��ĸ�&���Lੜs�� ��� Vitamins: Vitamins help with chemical reactions in the body. Fat-Soluble Vitamins Vitamin A, D, E and K are fat-soluble. amzn_assoc_linkid = "df6e3e2dfb2223ece0caaeddeb1e4806"; Energy is the primary requirement for performing various activities. Once it involves vitamins, every one contains a special role to play. Vitamin B3 Sources: Nuts, Eggs, Potato, Pea, Tomato, Avocado, wheat, Legumes, broccoli, carrots Meat, Fish (such as tuna and salt-water fish), liver, kidney, heart, chicken, beef, bread, cereals, whole grains, mushrooms, and brewer's yeast etc, Daily Requirement of Vitamin B3: 14-16 mg. Vitamin B12 Sources: Fish, shellfish, milk, liver, kidney, meat, eggs, cereals, soy products, yeast etc. Vitamins are of two types and they are mentioned below: • A vitamin is: – An organic compound distinct from fats, carbohydrates and proteins – Natural component of foods, present in minute amounts – Is essential for normal physiological function, usually in minute Vitamins differ from each other in physiological function, chemical structure, and distribution foods. Vitamin E, a major lipid-soluble antioxidant, It is a yellow oily substance, soluble in fat soluble but insoluble in water. Demystifying nutrition: the value of food, vitamins and supplements Longwood Seminars, March 5, 2013 The following content is provided by Harvard Health Publications Putting multivitamins to the test Many studies have looked at the effect of vitamin and mineral supplements on disease, but the evidence has never been convincing. Vitamins PPT | PDF | PowerPoint Presentation. They are classified based on how they dissolve in your body. It is heat-stable. The said recommendation is hereby adopted, and we quote: 2. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "mywebsit03240-20"; There are two types of vitamins used by the body to … Vitamin K is found in asparagus, safflower oil, green leafy vegetables, egg yolks and liver . 7 0 obj Naph- thoquinones, previously defined by Rule V-4, are now considered under the Nomenclature of Quinones with Isoprenoid Side Chains (page 3). It is a vital nutrient for an organism which maintains the normal body growth and other functions. Classification. It is heat stable and antioxidants that help to prevent various diseases. Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble. vi FAO/WHO expert consultation on human vitamin and mineral requirements Chapter 5 Vitamin B12 65 Role of vitamin B12 in human metabolic processes 65 Dietary sources and availability 65 Absorption 65 Populations at risk for and consequences of vitamin B12 deficiency 66 Vitamin B12 interaction with folate or folic acid 67 Assessment of vitamin B12 status 68 In some cases, an organism may be able to synthesize a small quantity of a vitamin, but in order to qualify as a vitamin, synthesis cannot fully meet metabolic needs. endobj <>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Vitamin B5 Sources: Whole-grain cereals, broccoli, avocados, royal jelly,  fish ovaries, meats, Milk, Eggs, Mushroom, sweet potatoes, kale, and other vegetables in the cabbage. In humans there are 13 vitamins: 4 fat-soluble (A, D, E, and K) and 9 water-soluble (8 B vitamins and vitamin C). endobj It plays an important role in heart, nerve and muscle function. The fat-soluble vitamins are A, D, E and K. They can be stored in the body. Infants are more vulnerable. Water-Soluble Vitamins Daily Requirement of Vitamin A: 5000 IU in adult and 6000-8000 IU in children; It is also known as Calciferols. endobj Vitamin is an organic compound which is found in the food in variable and minute quantity and must be supplied to the animal organism from the external sources. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "mywebsit03240-20"; amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "search"; The word vitamin is a combination of Latin words “vita” and “amine” which means life and nitrogen respectively. Vitamins are a group of organic compounds that are extremely necessary and essential for normal growth and functioning of the human body. Catalase Catalase enzyme (CAT) is found in the blood and most of the living cells and decomposes H2O2 into water and oxygen (6.2). Fat-soluble vitamins: If vitamins are soluble in a fat solvent such as ether, chloroform, benzene, carbon, tetrachloride etc, then they are known as fat-soluble vitamins. Vitamin E (tocopherol) Deficiency: Only noticed in those with severe malnutrition. VITAMINS CLASSIFICATION VITAMINSWater soluble vitamins include ii) Fat soluble vitamins include Vitamin C also called citric acid Vitamin A ( Retinol) Vitamin B1 (thiamine) Vitamin D Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Vitamin B3 (niacin) Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) D2 (Ergocalciferol) D3 (Cholicalciferol) Vitamin B9 (folic acid) Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) Vitamin E (Tocoferol) Vitamin B12 … Definition and Classification of Surfactants4 Some compounds, like short-chain fatty acids, are amphiphilic or amphi-pathic, i.e., they have one part that has an affinity for nonpolar media and one part that has an affinity for polar media. Vitamin B6 Sources: Liver, egg yolk, yeast, kidney, Meats, bananas, dried beans, Peas, soybeans, cereals, vegetables, and nuts, Avocado. Posted by Amit Pundir December 21, 2015 Leave a comment on SHORT NOTES ON VITAMINS. Coenzyme classification Coenzymes are part of the active site of the enzyme; they supply reactive groups that are not available on the side chains of the amino acids. %PDF-1.7 Vitamins. Vitamin C and some Vitamins B are soluble in water and can be destroyed under heat, and thus we should avoid (1) washing them too much (2) cooked them too long time: Vitamin Function Food sources Symptom of deficiency Symptom of excess. CLASSIFICATION OF VITAMINS Vitamins are classified according to their ability to be absorbed in fat or water 1. <> <> endobj It is capable of neutralizing ROS in the aqueous phase before lipid peroxidation is initiated. K, are stored in the body for long periods of time and generally pose a greater risk These are stored in adipose tissues and hence are called fat-soluble vitamins. Vitamin A Maintains eye health Promotes growth and development, maintains healthy bones and teeth B1 Enhances the protection and regeneration of cells … Fat Soluble Vitamins: these are oily and hydrophobic compounds, they are stored in the liver and not excreted out of the body. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; According to the property of solubility, vitamins are mainly divided into two groups: 1. Vitamin C also helps the body absorb iron, which is needed for red blood cell production. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; The thirteen different kinds of vitamins required for effective functioning of the human body may be classified into two categories namely water and fat-soluble vitamins. Ascorbic acid is used to treat and prevent vitamin C deficiency. Your body wants them to figure properly; therefore you grow and develop a bit like you must. It is water soluble, an essential vitamin which plays an important role in maintaining a healthy metabolism of fatty acids, glucose, and amino acids. $.' Bile salts and fats are needed for their absorption. Thirteen vitamins are true vitamins which are further classified as water soluble and fat soluble vitamins. 6 0 obj So, a substance that is a vitamin in one species may not be a vitamin in others. Biochemists traditionally separate them into two groups, the water-soluble vitamins and the fat-soluble vitamins. It is also known as Folic acid or folate. There are groups of vitamin D of which D2 (ergocalciferol) and D3 (cholecalciferol) are chiefs. Apart from the normal food we consume, our body requires other compounds like vitamins in small amounts for the proper body functioning and deficiency of these compounds may cause disorders. Daily Requirement of Vitamin D: 400 IU (10 µg). The recommendations in this vitamins chart are based largely on guidelines from the Institute of Medicine. Vitamin B9 Sources: Leafy vegetables, bread, cereal,  pasta, liver, legumes, liver, fish, kidney, baker's yeast, whole grain products, different types of fruits,  sunflower seeds etc. Classification of Vitamins. Vitamins are classified based on their solubility. Vitamin A, D, E and K are fat soluble. Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble Vitamin C and B is water soluble. It is taken in sufficiently small amounts and is beneficial in many metabolic processes of the body.. And releases sugar from stored carbohydrate to get energy blood cell production the recommendations in this medication.... For long periods of time and generally pose a greater classification of vitamins pdf vitamin classification vegetables..., D, E and K are fat-soluble vitamins are of two types they! Role to play of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation, Bangkok, Thailand, September... 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